Virtual School Catalogue
Cumberland Valley Christian School has partnered with VLN to offer another avenue of education for students.
Each class includes structured weekly lesson modules and traditional learning assessments. All virtual classes require a student who is self-motivated and computer literate. The average amount of time spent on virtual courses is on average 45 minutes to 1 hour a day for 5 days (including homework).
Minimum GPA for online courses is a 2.5; minimum GPA for an AP online course is a 3.5. Any applications with a GPA lower than our standard will have to be reviewed by administration.
Fully Customized Courses
Modern World History
The course begins its quest of understanding at the Renaissance and works its way to the present. Major themes innovation and underlying reasons why things are the way they are now today run throughout the curriculum. (36 weeks, 10th grade)
Understanding The Times
This class deals with current events and issues that students will face in our world today. Students will learn how to deal with the many issues they will face in the world they live in. (36 weeks, 11th grade)
The study of how people and nations make decisions about their money and their stuff. This course will learn some of the basic ideas, terms and concepts of economics, both on the individual microeconomic level and national macroeconomic level. (36 weeks, 12th grade)
Science- Virtual Students are invited to come on campus when we do hands-on activities in the classroom.
Observing God’s Word
Presents a study of life and major biological concepts from a Biblical worldview and philosophy. It will also provide many opportunities to develop introductory scientific skills and processes. Life in all its forms will be studied; botany, animals, the human body, personal health, and cellular and molecular components of organisms. (7th grade)
Presents a study of earth and major geological concepts from a Biblical worldview and philosophy. It will also provide many opportunities to develop introductory scientific skills and processes. Aspects of the lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and celestial sphere and all of their components will be studied. The earth’s motion, stars, planets and space will be explored. The elements, rocks, fossils, landforms, and weather will be covered. They hydrosphere unit will examine the ocean and ground water systems. (8th grade)
Presents a study of life and major physical and chemical concepts from a Biblical worldview and philosophy. It will also provide many opportunities to develop introductory scientific skills and processes. Concepts and terminology are presented on topics such as; the scientific method, the nature of matter, fundamental chemistry, mechanics, and waves dynamics. (9th grade)
Biology -Biology will still bee VLN taught for this year
Life in all its forms will be studied; botany, animals, the human body, and cellular and molecular components of organisms. Chapters are covered based on instructional goals related to the importance and complexity of the systems studied. (10th grade)
The material includes vectors, motion, torque, work and energy, free body diagrams, freely falling bodies, momentum, electricity, mirrors and lenses, fluids, momentum, and light and sound waves. This course is very math oriented so a prerequisite of Algebra 2 and basic Trigonometry is highly recommended. (11th grade)
The material covered involves the structure of atoms, ionic and covalent bonding, chemical reactions, stoichiometry, equilibrium, acids and bases, and hydrocarbons. Some of the topics are problem oriented so being proficient in basic mathematics is helpful. (12th grade)
This will encompass elements of life science, earth science, chemistry, biology and physics with an emphasis on global perspective. The students will use scientific skills and processes to explain the interactions of environmental factors (living and non-living) and analyze their impact from a local to a global frame of reference. Environmental concepts of stewardship from a Biblical worldview and philosophy will be explained. It will also provide many opportunities to develop scientific skills and processes for real-life problem solving activities. Life in all its forms will be studied; botany, animals, the human body, personal health, and cellular and molecular components of organisms. The earth and all of its features are studied as well. (12th grade)
Bible Elective- Proverbs
Solomon wrote in Proverbs that the fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom. This study will confront your students with this true, biblical definition, showing them how they can, with God’s help, apply His wisdom in each decision through high school and beyond. (7th-12th grade)
Beginning French students are introduced to the basic elements of French as they move through the early stages of language acquisition. They will study major vocabulary categories and verb tenses. The main purpose of this course is to help students communicate in French at a basic level and appreciate the French-speaking world.
French II level students review basic elements of French grammar acquired from French I and expand their communicative abilities. Their language skills increase to the point where they can participate more fully in general conversation. Cultural awareness is further developed.
Students are introduced to Latin Language and ancient Roman culture. Focus is placed on basic grammar, syntax, and vocabulary. Students explore Latin and English words through a set of recorded Latin stories with English translations. Upon completion of this course, students will be able to read and write in Latin on a basic level.
Student Enrolled in Latin II will expand upon what they learned in Latin I. They will increase their skills and depth of knowledge through the practice of structures, forms and vocabulary.
Mandarin Chinese I*
Mandarin Chinese I students are introduced to Chinese Language and culture. Topics of study related to language acquisition include: basic syntax, vocabulary and spoken tone. Students will also learn about Chinese culture, history and art.
Mandarin Chinese II*
Mandarin Chinese II students build upon skills developed in Chinese I. They are better able to understand and express themselves in Chinese and increase their vocabulary. They continue to explore the customs, history and art of Chinese-speaking people.
Students new to the Spanish language are introduced to the basic elements of Spanish as they move through the early stages of language acquisition. They study major vocabulary categories, verb tenses and other fundamental components. The main purpose is to help students communicate in Spanish at a basic level, appreciate the Spanish-speaking world and develop an appreciation of Latino culture.
Spanish II students review the basic elements of Spanish I. They advance in their knowledge of Spanish grammar and learn additional vocabulary. Their language skills increase to the point where they can participate more fully in general conversation, read more sophisticated passages and write with a firmer command of syntactical structures. Cultural awareness is further developed.
Spanish III students review the basic elements of Spanish grammar along with the concepts from Spanish I & II. Students master the preterit verb tenses and the present subjunctive. Students will communicate in paragraph form and explain events that have happened in the past, as well as describe events that will occur in the future. Student will also learn about Spanish culture and arts.
*All Foreign Language Courses run a full school year: 36 weeks
Please note that all language II courses build heavily on language I courses, it is best to take both language I & II online.
This course explores strategies used in creative writing and helps students to develop a deeper appreciation of good writing and establish authors. Students create a variety of works ranging from poems to short stories. While writing prose, students review guidelines for correct punctuation, grammar and sentence structure. Effective, appropriate and economical word choice is also practiced. (18 weeks)
Journalism I & II
This high school course includes a brief history of American journalism and discusses the duties of a journalist. Additional topics that are taught in this course include the rights and responsibilities of journalists, style and editing, news and writing, sport writing, feature writing, editorial writing, newspaper design, yearbook design, advertising and much more. (18 weeks for I or 36 weeks for I & II)
Anatomy and Physiology
This intensive course gives students an overview of human anatomy and physiology. It covers information about the human body at the cellular and chemical levels. Students learn about control and regulation of each of the systems in the human body and how each of the systems applies to disease development. (36 weeks)
Accounting I students learn how to maintain accurate business records. Students study business transactions including working with source documents, handling ledger accounts, preparing worksheets and working with financial statements. They will gain a real-world understanding of the applications of accounting. (36 weeks)
PA Driver’s Education
The PA Driver’s Education course provides an introduction to driver theory. Topics include signs and signals, safety, managing speed, driving practices, handling emergencies and the PA point system. Also covered are transportation-specific laws and regulations such as substance abuse and seatbelt laws. (18 weeks) Facilitated by CVCS!
The Marketing course introduces students to basic marketing techniques and business decision-making processes. This course aims to improve students’ understanding of how professional advertising agencies design, market and distribute their products. (36 weeks)
Personal Finance and Financial Literacy
This course exposes students to important financial issues they are likely to encounter in their lives. Topics include home buying, balancing a budget and responsible use of credit and borrowing. This knowledge will increase students’ abilities to manage their finances in a responsible manner. (36 weeks)
This high school business course is structured utilizing a three-pronged approach: basic math review, personal finance and business mathematics. It builds and strengthens students’ basic math skills in personal and business mathematics. (18 weeks)
Probability and Statistics
This course introduces students to sampling methods, descriptive statistics and probability distributions. Students learn how to take effective samples and create valid experiments. They acquire knowledge that will enable them to effectively evaluate and interpret data. (36 weeks)
Music History/Music Appreciation
This course introduces students to perceptive listening and provides an engaging presentation of musical elements and stylistic periods. The course begins by surveying the evolution of music from the Middle Ages to classical, jazz, blues and rock. The course also looks at non- Western music traditions including Africa and India. (18 weeks)
The introductory psychology course acquaints students with basic principles of psychology. Students learn about how concepts they encounter in the course have real-life applications. The text is supported by online resources, videos and quizzes. (18 weeks)
This sociology course explores the interactions and relationships of the varying groups of society. Students investigate the roles of societies’ institutions and the effects of these institutions on different demographics. They also learn the challenges and problems faced by communities. (18 weeks)
This course equips students with a background and process for successfully transitioning from school to a career. Students complete a self-assessment to begin the development of a targeted approach to their next educational steps, and ultimately, their careers. Additionally, students study and practice practical skills such as resume writing and interviewing. (18 weeks) Facilitated by CVCS
Microsoft Office 2010 & Computer Applications
This course covers computer basics and focuses on detailed uses of Microsoft Office 2010 programs. This course allows students to explore the new features built into the 2010 edition. I addition to exploring these programs, students study content related to Internet literacy, email etiquette, copyright/ethical issues and HTML programming. (36 weeks)
Food and Nutrition
This course helps students better understand the principles of nutrition. Students gain a basic knowledge of nutrition and good health. They study healthy preparation and care of food as well as food management. They also learn about the food science involved in the preparation process. (36 weeks) Facilitated by CVCS
Please note: some elective courses run half a year while others run an entire year.
6th Grade Language Arts–
At this level, students explore the genres of poetry, fiction and nonfiction. They gain a better understanding of basic grammar, including: punctuation, parts of a sentence and more. They also learn how to compose narrative, persuasive and informative essays. course: (36 weeks)
7th Grade Language Arts–
In 7th grade, students build upon their existing reading skills and focus on increasing their metacognitive abilities through careful analysis. They further explore poetry, fiction and nonfiction and begin to learn about a fourth type of writing — drama. They increase their grammar skills by combining sentences and mastering other writing techniques. Their writing expectations become increasingly sophisticated as they work on narrative, persuasive and informative essays. (36 weeks)
8th Grade Language Arts
Fables, speeches and nonfiction (including the Diary of Anne Frank) are at the heart of this language arts course. Topics include point of view, rhythm and other writing techniques. Students further hone their grammar skills with an emphasis on improving and strengthening sentences.
9th Grade Language Arts
Students explore fiction and nonfiction writing techniques such as foreshadowing and theme. They read classic literature by renowned authors and become acquainted with Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet and various poems by Robert Frost. They continue to develop writing skills through essays and narrative.
10th Grade Language Arts
Students focus on multicultural literature. Students read classic dramas. Students study literary techniques including structure, symbolism and more. Students will learn to draft their own examples and work to improve their writing process.
11th Grade Language Arts
Students will study American literacy traditions. In addition to an extensive research paper, students write a narrative, persuasive and informative essays.
12th Grade Language Arts
Students study the importance of British literature. There is a strong emphasis on writing throughout the course that culminates with an extensive research paper.
All language arts classes are 36 weeks.
Advanced Placement Courses
AP English Literature and Composition*
This college-level course helps students hone their critical literary analysis skills. Through intensive reading assignments, students explore language, character, action and theme.
AP Calculus AB*
This college-level course addresses such topics as elementary functions, properties of functions and their graphs and integral calculus. This course gives challenging and engaging assignments reinforce the content.
This college-level course covers such topics as atomic theory and structure, chemical bonding, states of matter and reactions. Challenging and engaging assignments reinforce the content.
AP Physics B*
This college level course provides an introduction to the main principles and basic concepts of physics. Topics include mechanics, kinetic theory and thermodynamics. The relationships between physical laws and mathematical models are also examined.
AP European History*
This college-level course covers European history from the High Renaissance to the present. Topics include important political, economic, religious, social and intellectual developments that occurred in Europe. Students demonstrate understanding of historical events and themes through a variety of challenging and engaging writing assignments.
AP U.S. History*
This college-level course is an intense study of U.S. history from 1492 to the present. Students learn how to analyze, evaluate and interpret historical sources. The course requires extensive reading, research and writing.
AP World History*
This college-level course examines world history over the past thousand years. Students develop a deeper understanding of the evolution of and interactions between cultures, regions and institutions.
This college level course focuses on four ideas: the process of evolution, biological systems, living systems and biological system interactions. Engaging assignments reinforce the content.
*All AP courses meet the rigorous standards of the College Board and were designed to prepare students to sit for the AP exams in each subject.
All AP courses run a full school year: 36 weeks.
Mathematics- Course 1*- 6th grade
Students in this course work with fractions, decimals and percentages. They use these tools to solve problems relating to geometry, algebra and probability. They develop, implement and evaluate problem-solving plans for various types of mathematical problems.
Mathematics-Course 2*- 7th grade
In this course, students expand upon their working knowledge of fractions, decimals and percentages acquired in Course 1. They also apply their understanding of numbers to describe relationships between shapes and are encouraged to use these skills to solve algebraic equations and become familiar with rates of change and other patterns.
Mathematics-Course 3*- 8th grade
Students in Course 3 learn to evaluate and solve multi-step equations and functions to serve as a foundation for future work in geometry, measurement and probability. Students will be able to display their solutions in tables, graphs and equations.
Pre-Algebra*- 8th or 9th grade
This course introduces students to the concepts of algebra. Students will become familiar with many algebraic operations that will prepare them for algebra.
Algebra I*- 9th grade
Students build on concepts learned in pre-algebra and further their knowledge and understanding of algebraic equations and functions.
Geometry*- 10th grade
Students learn many different forms of shapes and relationships of those shapes. They will apply concepts learned in algebra as well.
Algebra II*- 11th grade
Students continue to build their algebraic skills as they learn to do more complex equations and expressions.
Trigonometry*- 12th grade
This course in trigonometry helps students gain an understanding of exponential, logarithmic and trigonometric functions. They learn how to identify, describe, analyze and evaluate polynomial forms of these functions.
Pre-Calculus*- 10th-12th grade
Students will be exposed to a wide array of mathematical concepts. Throughout this course, students will be exposed to these topics and have an opportunity to explore additional topics in Algebra.
Calculus*- 10th-12th grade
In this advanced math class, students focus intensively on plane analytic geometry and solid analytic geometry. In addition to the mechanics of differential and integral calculus, the mean value theorem, the fundamental theorems of differential and integral calculus and ordinary and uniform continuity are emphasized. Prerequisite: Pre-Calculus
*All math courses run a full school year: 36 weeks
Middle School World History- 6th grade
Middle school students begin their study of world history by exploring human history from ancient civilizations to the modern world. They examine the major themes of world history (geography, economics, government, citizenship, culture, global relations, science and technology and constitutional heritage). The text is supported by primary sources, maps and online resources.
World Geography- 7th grade
In World Geography, students receive an overview of the cultural and physical geography of the world. They develop critical thinking skills as they explore the seven continents of the world. The text is supported by online resources that include maps, videos, primary and secondary sources and quizzes that help reinforce effective citizenship.
U.S. History I- 8th grade
This middle-school level course gives students an overview of American history from colonization to the Civil War. They journey through various themes of American history, including culture and traditions, continuity and change, geography and history, individual action, groups and institutions, government and democracy, economic factors, science and technology, global connections and civic rights and responsibilities as they grow to understand what it means to be an American today.
Civics- 9th grade
In this class, students take an engaging, current and relevant look at the foundations of American government, citizenship and the American economic and legal systems. A wide variety of instructional tools are used to motivate students to participate, make decisions and take action both in and out of the classroom.
Modern America-11th grade
This course provides students with an overview of American history starting with Reconstruction and continuing on to modern day. World War I, World War II and the post-World War II periods are extensively explored.
American Government- 12th grade
This course provides an introduction to the workings of the American system of government. Students study critical components of our government system today — such as the Constitution and the amendments. They learn about the three branches of government, the role each plays and how each works independently. Students also examine current events as a major part of the course.
All History courses are a full 36 weeks.